Latest Global Figures

Migrant Fatalities Worldwide

Missing Migrants Project draws on a range of sources to track deaths of migrants along migratory routes across the globe. Due to the nature of irregular migration, all data are necessarily an estimate rather than a complete figure. Data are presented on this website and analyzed in the report Fatal Journeys: Tracking Lives Lost during Migration, published in September 2014. A second annual report on deaths and identification will be released in June 2016. 

With a count surpassing 46,000 fatalities since 2000, IOM calls on all the world’s governments to address what it describes as “an epidemic of crime and victimization.”

“Our message is blunt: migrants are dying who need not,” said IOM Director General William Lacy Swing, “It is time to do more than count the number of dead. It is time to engage the world to stop this violence against desperate migrants.”

The research behind this project began with the October 2013 tragedies, when over 400 migrants died in two shipwrecks near the Italian island of Lampedusa. IOM’s research indicates Europe is the world’s most dangerous destination for “irregular” migrants, with the Mediterranean costing the lives of 3,770 in 2015. Around the world, over 5,400 migrants lost their lives in 2015. Many more are unaccounted for.

Reported migrant deaths by month, 2016*

  January February March April May June July August September October November December Month not specified Total
Mediterranean 369 53 304 631 13                 1,370
Europe 10 4 7 1 1                 23
Middle East 12 1 18 11                   42
North Africa 0 8 0 13                   21
Horn of Africa 36 20 4 0                   60
Western, Central, Southern Africa 14 0 3 0 7                 24
Southeast Asia 35 0 0 21                   56
East Asia 0 0 0 0                   0
US-Mexico Border 22 4 18 12 5                 61
Central America 7 1 8 2 2                 20
Caribbean 1 1 9 0                   11
South America 9 1 0 0                   10
Total 515 93 371

691

28

 

             

1,698

1,698 total dead and missing

 

Notes: (a) All numbers represent only deaths that are reported by government authorities, media, the UN or NGOs. Countless others have died on migratory routes around the world; thus, these are minimums of the actual numbers. All should be taken as estimates. (b) Europe refers to the region generally, and not the European Union. (c) Sub-Saharan Africa excludes the Horn of Africa. (d) Deaths along the Western African route to the Canary Islands are included in Middle East and North Africa. (e) Central America includes deaths in Mexico not on the border to the United States.

*Last updated on May 23 2016. 

Reported migrant deaths by region, 2016

 

Reported migrant deaths by migrants' region of origin, 2016

 

 

 

Reported migrant Deaths by month, 2015

  January February March April May June July August September October November December Month not specified Total
Mediterranean 82 346 61 1,244 95  10 230 686 268 432 106 210 0 3,770
Southeast Asia 63 0 0 0 202 0 0 24 61 0 4 0 433 787
US-Mexico border 0 0 1 2 0 1 6 3 1 5 7 1 294 321
Europe 0 1 2 15 2 3 11 71 11 8 5 3 0 132
Horn of Africa 5 39 42 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 1 0 0 95
Central America 0 1 8 1 1 12 5 1 9 5 8 3

23

77
Middle East 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 20 0 0 0 30
North Africa 12 16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 24 14 0 66
Caribbean 2 0 1 44 0  0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 50
Western, Central, Southern Africa 2 0 0 0 8  0 0 0 22 8 0 6 0 46
Sahara 0 0 0 0 0 33 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 37
East Asia 0 15 0 0 0    0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 15
Total 166 418 115 1,306 308 59 252 795 372 489 159 237 750 5,426

5,426 total dead and missing

Notes: (a) All numbers represent only deaths that are reported by government entities, media, the UN or NGOs. Countless others have died on migratory routes around the world; thus, these are minimums of the actual numbers. All data should be taken as estimates. (b) Europe refers to the region generally, and not the European Union. (c) Sub-Saharan Africa and Middle East/North Africa exclude the Horn of Africa. (d) Deaths along the Western African route to the Canary Islands are included in Middle East and North Africa. 

Reported migrant deaths by region, 2015

 

Reported migrant deaths by migrants' region of origin, 2015

 

Reported migrant Deaths by month, 2014

 

January February March April May June July August September October November December Month not
specified
 Total 
Mediterranean 12 24 10 50 329 318 864 616 813 126 22 95 0 3,279
US-Mexico 12 8 11 12 11 20 14 9 11 13 8 8 170 307
East Africa 0 0 251 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 251
Horn of Africa 0 17 44 0 62 0 0 0 0 72 30 24 16 265

Southeast Asia

0 0 0 5 0 35 20 1 9 4 0 0 535 614
Caribbean 1 8 0 0 9 0 0 45 0 4 0 1 0 68
Sahara 0 0 0 10 46 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 56
Europe 2 0 4 0 2 0 1 1 0 2 40 2 0 54
Other Regions 0 1 1 17 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 105 128
Total 27 58 321 94 459 378 900 673 833 221 100 130 827 5,022

Note: All numbers represent only deaths that are reported by government entities, media, the UN or NGOs. Countless others have died on migratory routes around the world; thus, these are minimums of the actual numbers. All data should be taken as estimates.

5,022 total dead and missing

 

Reported migrant deaths by region, 2014

Reported migrant deaths by migrants' region of origin, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

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Missing Migrants Project by International Organization for Migration (IOM) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://missingmigrants.iom.int