Latest Global Figures

Migrant Fatalities Worldwide

Missing Migrants Project draws on a range of sources to track deaths of migrants along migratory routes across the globe. Due to the nature of irregular migration, all data are necessarily an estimate rather than a complete figure. Data are presented on this website and analyzed in the report Fatal Journeys: Tracking Lives Lost during Migration, published in September 2014. A second annual report on deaths and identification will be released in June 2016. 

With a count surpassing 46,000 fatalities since 2000, IOM calls on all the world’s governments to address what it describes as “an epidemic of crime and victimization.”

“Our message is blunt: migrants are dying who need not,” said IOM Director General William Lacy Swing, “It is time to do more than count the number of dead. It is time to engage the world to stop this violence against desperate migrants.”

The research behind this project began with the October 2013 tragedies, when over 400 migrants died in two shipwrecks near the Italian island of Lampedusa. IOM’s research indicates Europe is the world’s most dangerous destination for “irregular” migrants, with the Mediterranean costing the lives of more than 3,700 in 2015. Around the world, at least 5,700 migrants lost their lives in 2015. Many more are unaccounted for.

Download Fatal Journeys: Tracking lives lost during migration
Download Fatal Journeys Volume 2: Identification and tracing of dead and missing migrants

Recorded migrant deaths by month, 2017*

  January February March April May June July August September October November December Month not specified Total
Mediterranean 230                         230
Europe 5                         5
Middle East 2                         2
North Africa                            
Horn of Africa                            
Sub-Saharan Africa                            
East Asia                            
Southeast Asia                          

 

US-Mexico Border 8                         8
Central America 1                         1
Caribbean                            
South America                            
Total 246    

 

                 

246

246 total dead and missing

 

Notes: (a) All numbers represent only deaths that are reported by government authorities, media, the UN or NGOs. Countless others have died on migratory routes around the world; thus, these are minimums of the actual numbers. All should be taken as estimates. (b) Europe refers to the region generally, and not the European Union. (c) Sub-Saharan Africa excludes the Horn of Africa. (d) Deaths along the Western African route to the Canary Islands are included in Middle East and North Africa. (e) Central America includes deaths in Mexico not on the border to the United States.

*Last updated on 20 January 2017 

Recorded migrant deaths by region, 2017

 

Recorded migrant deaths by migrants' region of origin, 2017

 

Recorded migrant deaths by month, 2016*

  January February March April May June July August September October November December Month not specified Total
Mediterranean 370 55 324 630 1,133 389 226 53 368 433 718 383   5,082
Europe 6 4 8 1 2 2 5 2 10 6 5 6   53
Middle East 23 5 7 13 9 13 - - 15 - - - 11 96
North Africa 40 340 167 61 114 102 57 53 22 137 31 -   1124
Horn of Africa 45 33 11 2 3 9 7 4 6 55 5 20   200
Sub-Saharan Africa 18 2 3 1 9 22 1 8 4 9 1 -   78
East Asia - - - - - - 3 - - - - -   3
Southeast Asia 35 - - - - - 26 - - - 61 31  

153

US-Mexico Border 13 9 19 15 20 45 44 38 31 23 12 15 144 432
Central America 8 6 15 6 13 4 9 28 8 9 5 6 57 174
Caribbean 1 1 9 1 - 1 18 - 20 1 19 1   72
South America 9 1 - - - - - 4 4 1 1 - 7 27
Total 568 456 563

730

1,303 587 396 190 488 674 858 459 462

7,498

7,498 total dead and missing

 

Notes: (a) All numbers represent only deaths that are reported by government authorities, media, the UN or NGOs. Countless others have died on migratory routes around the world; thus, these are minimums of the actual numbers. All should be taken as estimates. (b) Europe refers to the region generally, and not the European Union. (c) Sub-Saharan Africa excludes the Horn of Africa. (d) Deaths along the Western African route to the Canary Islands are included in Middle East and North Africa. (e) Central America includes deaths in Mexico not on the border to the United States.

*Last updated on 19 January 2017 

Recorded migrant deaths by region, 2016

 

Recorded migrant deaths by migrants' region of origin, 2016

 

Recorded migrant deaths by month, 2015

  January February March April May June July August September October November December Month not specified Total
Mediterranean 82 345 61 1,222 96 32 230 689 269 434 107 210 - 3,777
Europe - 1 - 15 2 3 10 71 11 8 5 5 - 131
Middle East - - 2 - - - - 10 - 20 - - - 32
North Africa 12 - 44 2 9 34 6 3 57 72 35 74 - 348
Horn of Africa 5 39 43 - - 1 1 - 1 8 9 1 - 108
Sub-Saharan Africa 2 - - - 8 - 2 - 22 9 2 6 - 51
East Asia - 15 - - - - - - - - - - - 15
Southeast Asia 63 - - - 204 - - 24 61 - 4 - 433 789
US-Mexico border - - 1 5 9 1 5 3 1 5 9 3 294 336
Central America 3 1 10 2 3 18 10 4 9 7 8 5 23 103
Caribbean 2 - 1 44 - - - - - 3 - - - 50
Total 169 401 162 1,290 331 89 264 804 431 566 179 304 750 5,740

5,740 total dead and missing

Notes: (a) All numbers represent only deaths that are reported by government entities, media, the UN or NGOs. Countless others have died on migratory routes around the world; thus, these are minimums of the actual numbers. All data should be taken as estimates. (b) Europe refers to the region generally, and not the European Union. (c) Sub-Saharan Africa and Middle East/North Africa exclude the Horn of Africa. (d) Deaths along the Western African route to the Canary Islands are included in Middle East and North Africa. 

Recorded migrant deaths by region, 2015

 

Recorded migrant deaths by migrants' region of origin, 2015

 

Recorded migrant deaths by month, 2014

 

January February March April May June July August September October November December Month not
specified
 Total 
Mediterranean 12 24 10 50 329 318 864 616 813 126 22 95 - 3,279
Europe 2 - 4 - 2 - 1 1 - 2 2 2 - 16
Middle East - - - - - - - - - - 38 - - 38
North Africa - - - 10 46 29 - - - - - - - 85
Horn of Africa - 17 44 - 62 - - - 16 72 30 24 - 265
Sub-Saharan Africa - - 251 17 - - - - - - - - - 268
South Asia - 1 - - - - - - - - - - - 1
Southeast Asia - - - 5 - 35 20 1 9 4 - - 750 824
US-Mexico border 12 8 11 12 11 20 14 9 11 13 8 8 170 307
Central America - - 1 4 - - 1 1 3 1 - - 105 116
Caribbean 1 8 - - 9 - - 45 - 4 - 1 - 68
Total 27 58 321 98 459 402 900 673 852 222 100 130 1,025 5,267

 

Note: All numbers represent only deaths that are reported by government entities, media, the UN or NGOs. Countless others have died on migratory routes around the world; thus, these are minimums of the actual numbers. All data should be taken as estimates.

 

5,267 total dead and missing

 

Recorded migrant deaths by region, 2014

Recorded migrant deaths by migrants' region of origin, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

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Missing Migrants Project by International Organization for Migration (IOM) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://missingmigrants.iom.int