Latest Global Figures

Migrant Fatalities Worldwide

Missing Migrants Project draws on a range of sources to track the deaths of migrants along migratory routes across the globe. Due to the nature of irregular migration, all data are necessarily an estimate rather than a complete figure. Data are presented on this website and analyzed in data briefings and annual reports, including Fatal Journeys: Tracking Lives Lost during Migration, published in September 2014, and Fatal Journeys Volume 2: identification and Tracting of Dead and Missing Migrants, released in June 2016. 

With a count surpassing 46,000 fatalities since 2000, IOM calls on all the world’s governments to address what it describes as “an epidemic of crime and victimization.”

“Our message is blunt: migrants are dying who need not,” said IOM Director General William Lacy Swing, “It is time to do more than count the number of dead. It is time to engage the world to stop this violence against desperate migrants.”

The research behind this project began with the tragedies in October 2013, when over 400 migrants died in two shipwrecks near the Italian island of Lampedusa. IOM’s research indicates that Europe is the world’s most dangerous destination for “irregular” migrants, with the Mediterranean costing the lives of more than 3,700 in 2015 and more than 5,000 in 2016. Around the world, at least 7,500 migrants lost their lives in 2016, and many more are unaccounted for.  Please note that past data may be changed and updated, as new data sources emerge.
 

Download Fatal Journeys: Tracking lives lost during migration
Download Fatal Journeys Volume 2: Identification and tracing of dead and missing migrants

Recorded migrant deaths by month, 2017*

  January February March April May June July August September October November December Month not specified Total
Mediterranean 256 106                       362
Europe 6 3                       9
Middle East 2 8                       10
North Africa - -                       -
Horn of Africa - -                       -
Sub-Saharan Africa - -                       -
East Asia - -                       -
Southeast Asia 36 -                      

36

US-Mexico Border 33 5                       38
Central America 2 1                       3
Caribbean 68 -                       68
South America - -                       -
Total 403 123  

 

                 

526

526 total dead and missing

 

Notes: (a) All numbers represent only deaths that are reported by government authorities, media, the UN or NGOs. Countless others have died on migratory routes around the world; thus, these are minimums of the actual numbers. All should be taken as estimates. (b) Europe refers to the region generally, and not the European Union. (c) Sub-Saharan Africa excludes the Horn of Africa. (d) Deaths along the Western African route to the Canary Islands are included in Middle East and North Africa. (e) Central America includes deaths in Mexico not on the border to the United States.

*Last updated on 21 February 2017 

Recorded migrant deaths by region, 2017

 

Recorded migrant deaths by migrants' region of origin, 2017

 

Recorded migrant deaths by month, 2016*

  January February March April May June July August September October November December Month not specified Total
Mediterranean 370 55 324 630 1,133 389 226 53 368 433 718 386 - 5,085
Europe 6 4 8 1 2 2 5 2 10 6 5 8 - 61
Middle East 23 5 7 13 9 13 - - 15 1 - 10 11 107
North Africa 40 340 167 61 114 102 57 53 25 137 31 - - 1127
Horn of Africa 45 33 11 2 3 9 7 4 6 55 5 20 - 200
Sub-Saharan Africa 18 2 3 1 9 22 1 8 1 9 1 - - 75
East Asia - - - - - - 3 - - - - - - 3
Southeast Asia 35 - - - - - 26 - - - 70 50 -

181

US-Mexico Border 17 9 19 15 20 45 44 39 32 24 12 17 144 438
Central America 8 5 15 7 13 4 9 28 7 9 7 6 57 175
Caribbean 1 27 9 1 - 1 18 - 20 7 19 1 - 104
South America 9 1 - - - - - 4 4 1 1 - 7 27
Total 572 481 564

731

1,303 587 396 191 489 684 880 516 219

7,583

7,583 total dead and missing

 

Notes: (a) All numbers represent only deaths that are reported by government authorities, media, the UN or NGOs. Countless others have died on migratory routes around the world; thus, these are minimums of the actual numbers. All should be taken as estimates. (b) Europe refers to the region generally, and not the European Union. (c) Sub-Saharan Africa excludes the Horn of Africa. (d) Deaths along the Western African route to the Canary Islands are included in Middle East and North Africa. (e) Central America includes deaths in Mexico not on the border to the United States.

*Last updated on 21 February 2017 

Recorded migrant deaths by region, 2016

 

Recorded migrant deaths by migrants' region of origin, 2016

 

Recorded migrant deaths by month, 2015

  January February March April May June July August September October November December Month not specified Total
Mediterranean 82 345 61 1,222 96 32 230 689 269 434 107 210 - 3,777
Europe - 1 - 15 2 3 10 71 11 8 5 5 - 131
Middle East - - 2 - - - - 10 - 20 - - - 32
North Africa 12 - 45 0 1 33 9 19 33 171 74 275 - 672
Horn of Africa 5 39 4´2 2 2 1 - - 4 16 8 16 - 135
Sub-Saharan Africa 2 - - 8 10 2 1 - 23 10 0 10 - 66
East Asia - 15 - - - - - - - - - - - 15
Southeast Asia 63 - - - 204 - - 24 61 - 4 - 433 789
US-Mexico border - - 2 5 9 1 5 3 1 5 9 3 294 337
Central America 3 1 9 2 3 18 6 4 9 7 8 5 23 98
Caribbean 2 - 1 44 - - - - - 3 - - 5 55
Total 169 401 162 1,298 327 90 261 820 411 674 215 524 755 6,107

6,107 total dead and missing

Notes: (a) All numbers represent only deaths that are reported by government entities, media, the UN or NGOs. Countless others have died on migratory routes around the world; thus, these are minimums of the actual numbers. All data should be taken as estimates. (b) Europe refers to the region generally, and not the European Union. (c) Sub-Saharan Africa and Middle East/North Africa exclude the Horn of Africa. (d) Deaths along the Western African route to the Canary Islands are included in Middle East and North Africa. 

† Last updated on 23 January 2017 

 

Recorded migrant deaths by region, 2015

 

Recorded migrant deaths by migrants' region of origin, 2015

 

Recorded migrant deaths by month, 2014

 

January February March April May June July August September October November December Month not
specified
 Total 
Mediterranean 12 24 10 50 329 318 864 616 813 126 22 95 - 3,279
Europe 2 - 4 - 2 - 1 1 - 2 2 2 - 16
Middle East - - - - - - - - - - 38 - - 38
North Africa - - - 10 46 29 - - - - - - - 85
Horn of Africa - 17 44 - 62 - - - 16 72 30 24 - 265
Sub-Saharan Africa - - 251 17 - - - - - - - - - 268
South Asia - 1 - - - - - - - - - - - 1
Southeast Asia - - - 5 - 35 20 1 9 4 - - 750 824
US-Mexico border 12 8 11 12 11 20 14 9 11 13 8 8 170 307
Central America - - 1 4 - - 1 1 3 1 - - 105 116
Caribbean 1 8 - - 9 - - 45 - 4 - 1 - 68
Total 27 58 321 98 459 402 900 673 852 222 100 130 1,025 5,267

 

Note: All numbers represent only deaths that are reported by government entities, media, the UN or NGOs. Countless others have died on migratory routes around the world; thus, these are minimums of the actual numbers. All data should be taken as estimates.

 

5,267 total dead and missing

 

Recorded migrant deaths by region, 2014

Recorded migrant deaths by migrants' region of origin, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

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Missing Migrants Project by International Organization for Migration (IOM) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://missingmigrants.iom.int