Worldwide Migrant Deaths Top 4,000; Mediterranean Deaths Pass 3,100

2/8/16 Geneva - Missing Migrants Project has totalled 4,027 migrant or refugee deaths thus far in 2016. At this point last year, Missing Migrants Project tallied 2,991 - which means that already in 2016 the world has witnessed over 1,000 more fatalities than occurred through 2015’s first seven months, a 26 percent increase. In 2014 MMP reported 2,265 migrant or refugee fatalities through the end of July.

Deaths in the Mediterranean this year have reached 3,120, with IOM Libya reporting 120 bodies discovered on the beaches of Sabratha late last month. More than three-quarters of migrant deaths recorded thus far in 2016 have occurred in the Mediterranean, compared with 60 percent during the period of January through August 2015.

In Europe, 26 deaths are recorded during migration on land in 2016, slightly lower than the 31 recorded from January-July last year. However, the number of deaths during migration in Europe during the first seven months of both 2015 and 2016 are significantly higher than the 9 deaths recorded in 2014, indicating that current policies may be increasing the risks migrants and asylum seekers face on their journeys.

In North Africa, 342 deaths are recorded during migration on land in 2016, over three times the number recorded in the same period in 2015. Our data indicates an increase of migrant deaths due to violence by both smugglers and local authorities in North Africa. At least 30 migrants died due to violence this year, compared only three in the first seven months of 2015.

IFor the Middle East, 81 migrant deaths have be recorded as taking place on land, compared with just two last year. Of these, 64 were of Syrian asylum seekers, reportedly shot by Turkish border guards. In this data we cite reports from Human Rights Watch and the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.

IOM reports that 257,186 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2016 through 27 July, arriving mostly in Greece and Italy, where over 24,000 new arrivals entered during the month of July. 

For the third straight year migration-related fatalities of at least 3,000 men, women and children on these dangerous sea routes have taken place.

IOM Rome spokesperson Flavio Di Giacomo reported today 7,923 migrants were rescued at sea between Friday July 29 and Monday 1 August. He said that on Friday 3,621 people were rescued; on Saturday 1,144; on Sunday 1,188; and on Monday 1,970. Some of those rescued are still on their way to Italy.

Rescue operations were carried out by the Italian Navy, the Italian coastguard, ships operating under Triton and Eunavfor Med, and by the private ships Topaz Responder, (MOAS), Aquarius (SOS Mediterranée) and Dignity 1 (MSF.) 

Di Giacomo explained that even counting those rescued this past weekend, arrivals registered this year in Italy are virtually identical to those registered last year - 94,449 arrivals compared with 93,540 - a difference of around 1 percent. Through 1 August, arrivals to Italy now total approximately 96,000.

Kelly Namia of IOM Athens reports 118 arrivals by sea were registered on 29 July, and 6 arrivals on 30 July. Total arrivals in Greece through 31 July are 160,233. 

Total arrivals by sea and deaths in the Mediterranean 2015-2016

 

1 Jan – 31 July 2016

1 Jan – 31 July 2015

 Country of Arrival

Arrivals

Deaths

Arrivals

Deaths

Italy

94,449*

2,692 (Central Med. route)

93,540

1,970 (all Med. routes)

Greece

160,233

383

(Eastern Med. route)

126,514

Cyprus

28

na

Spain

2,476**

45

(Western Med and Western African routes)

na

Estimated Total

257,186

3,120

220,054

1,970

 

 * Official figure provided by Italian Ministry of Interior

**as of 30 June

Sea Arrivals in Italy and Greece 2014-2015

 

Country

Total 2014

Total 2015

Italy

170,100

153,842

Greece

34,442

853,650

For the latest Mediterranean Update infographic, please visit:  https://missingmigrants.iom.int/sites/default/files/Mediterranean_Update_2_August_2016.pdf

For latest arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean, please visit: http://migration.iom.int/europe

Learn more about Missing Migrants Project at: http://missingmigrants.iom.int

For further information please contact:

Flavio Di Giacomo at IOM Italy, Tel: +39 347 089 8996, Email: fdigiacomo@iom.int

IOM Greece: Daniel Esdras, Tel: +30 210 9912174, Email:  iomathens@iom.int or Kelly Namia, Tel: +30 210 9919040, +30 210 9912174, Email: knamia@iom.int

Abby Dwommoh at IOM Turkey, Tel: +903124551202, Email: adwommoh@iom.int

Amr Taha at IOM Egypt. Tel: +202-27365140, Email: iomegypt@iom.int

Joel Millman at IOM Geneva, Tel: + 41 79 103 87 20, Email: jmillman@iom.int

Itayi Viriri Tel: +41.79.285.4366, Email: iviriri@iom.int

Daniel Szabo Tel: +41 22 717 94 76, Email: dszabo@iom.int

IOM Libya. Othman Belbeisi, Tel +216 29 600389, Email: obelbeisi@iom.int or Ashraf Hassan, Tel: +216297 94707, Email: ashassan@iom.int

Regions in focus

Publications

 

https://www.iom.int            https://gmdac.iom.int/            https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/department-for-international-development

 

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