Tracks deaths of migrants, including refugees

Missing Migrants Project tracks incidents involving migrants, including refugees and asylum-seekers, who have died or gone missing in the process of migration towards an international destination.

Reported Date
April 2014 98
April 2015 1,583
April 2016 745
April 2017 382
April 2018 339
April 2019 371
April 2020 162
August 2014 680
August 2015 863
August 2016 245
August 2017 423
August 2018 319
August 2019 411
December 2014 127
December 2015 569
December 2016 653
December 2017 265
December 2018 242
December 2019 583
February 2014 58
February 2015 413
February 2016 498
February 2017 407
February 2018 391
February 2019 262
February 2020 268
January 2014 27
January 2015 209
January 2016 595
January 2017 562
January 2018 511
January 2019 503
January 2020 277
July 2014 907
July 2015 297
July 2016 431
July 2017 387
July 2018 442
July 2019 585
July 2020 1
June 2014 403
June 2015 121
June 2016 626
June 2017 834
June 2018 921
June 2019 369
June 2020 210
March 2014 321
March 2015 190
March 2016 575
March 2017 453
March 2018 274
March 2019 378
March 2020 196
May 2014 459
May 2015 347
May 2016 1,379
May 2017 820
May 2018 239
May 2019 394
May 2020 83
November 2014 96
November 2015 242
November 2016 940
November 2017 501
November 2018 311
November 2019 696
October 2014 211
October 2015 704
October 2016 706
October 2017 549
October 2018 446
October 2019 364
September 2014 839
September 2015 454
September 2016 501
September 2017 606
September 2018 451
September 2019 327
Reported Date Region Group Region of Incident Number Dead Minimum Estimated Number of Missing
2014 Africa Horn of Africa 182 83
2014 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 268 0
2014 Africa North Africa 28 62
2014 Americas Caribbean 31 42
2014 Americas Central America 116
2014 Americas US-Mexico Border 306 0
2014 Americas North America 1
2014 Asia East Asia 9
2014 Asia South Asia 2 0
2014 Asia Southeast Asia 16 798
2014 Europe Europe 22 0
2014 Middle East Middle East 30 11
2014 Mediterranean Mediterranean 725 2558
2015 Africa Horn of Africa 102 33
2015 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 54 20
2015 Africa North Africa 763 62
2015 Americas Caribbean 33 35
2015 Americas Central America 110 0
2015 Americas South America 2
2015 Americas US-Mexico Border 336 3
2015 Asia East Asia 0 15
2015 Asia South Asia 22
2015 Asia Southeast Asia 297 492
2015 Europe Europe 137
2015 Middle East Middle East 14
2015 Mediterranean Mediterranean 2175 1879
2016 Africa Horn of Africa 179 56
2016 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 90 2
2016 Africa North Africa 1354 151
2016 Americas Caribbean 22 93
2016 Americas Central America 180
2016 Americas South America 27 6
2016 Americas US-Mexico Border 398 4
2016 Asia East Asia 1 2
2016 Asia South Asia 14
2016 Asia Southeast Asia 149 38
2016 Europe Europe 63
2016 Middle East Middle East 100
2016 Mediterranean Mediterranean 1484 3659
2017 Africa Horn of Africa 161 12
2017 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 480 74
2017 Africa North Africa 1013
2017 Americas Caribbean 44 126
2017 Americas Central America 90 3
2017 Americas US-Mexico Border 408 9
2017 Americas North America 1
2017 Asia East Asia 1
2017 Asia South Asia 221
2017 Asia Southeast Asia 197 104
2017 Europe Europe 84 14
2017 Middle East Middle East 98
2017 Mediterranean Mediterranean 936 2203
2018 Africa Horn of Africa 258 18
2018 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 575 15
2018 Africa North Africa 707 27
2018 Americas Caribbean 14 27
2018 Americas Central America 74 3
2018 Americas South America 27 3
2018 Americas US-Mexico Border 439 3
2018 Asia East Asia 3
2018 Asia South Asia 27
2018 Asia Southeast Asia 87 18
2018 Asia Central Asia 52
2018 Europe Europe 109 7
2018 Middle East Middle East 140 5
2018 Mediterranean Mediterranean 722 1577
2019 Africa Horn of Africa 91 33
2019 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 970 11
2019 Africa North Africa 676 106
2019 Americas Caribbean 65 95
2019 Americas Central America 114 1
2019 Americas South America 32 5
2019 Americas US-Mexico Border 511 9
2019 Americas North America 1
2019 Asia East Asia 5
2019 Asia South Asia 133
2019 Asia Southeast Asia 233 5
2019 Europe Europe 134 14
2019 Middle East Middle East 174
2019 Mediterranean Mediterranean 447 1438
2020 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 103 10
2020 Africa North Africa 90 81
2020 Americas Caribbean 7 52
2020 Americas Central America 22
2020 Americas South America 13
2020 Americas US-Mexico Border 133 7
2020 Americas North America 2
2020 Asia South Asia 33
2020 Asia Southeast Asia 111 54
2020 Europe Europe 30 1
2020 Middle East Middle East 17 54
2020 Mediterranean Mediterranean 161 216
Reported Date Region Region of Origin Number Dead Minimum Estimated Number of Missing
2017 Americas Central America 147 4
2015 Asia Southeast Asia 297 492
2018 Mixed/Unknown Mixed 172 276
2020 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 23 11
2015 Mixed/Unknown Unknown 657 130
2018 Americas South America 30 16
2019 Asia South Asia (P) 62 0
2014 Mixed/Unknown Mixed 17 738
2016 Americas South America 4 19
2017 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 2 0
2014 Americas Central America 131 0
2016 Americas Latin America and the Caribbean (P) 308 1
2019 Africa North Africa 121 156
2020 North Africa (P) 1 0
2017 Mixed/Unknown Mixed 71 712
2015 Mixed/Unknown Mixed 961 606
2018 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 397 2
2020 Americas South America 22 13
2017 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 461 637
2015 Africa North Africa 43 1
2018 Asia Central Asia 52 0
2020 Asia Southeast Asia 111 54
2014 Asia Southeast Asia 11 794
2018 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 190 208
2019 Asia East Asia 9 0
2014 Americas Latin America and the Caribbean (P) 289 0
2016 Mixed/Unknown Mixed 729 2597
2019 Europe Europe 1 0
2017 Americas South America 8 1
2016 Middle East Middle East and South Asia (P) 242 54
2019 Americas South America 30 82
2020 Africa Horn of Africa 69 7
2017 Africa Horn of Africa 320 12
2015 Americas Latin America and the Caribbean (P) 313 1
2018 Middle East Middle East and South Asia (P) 70 30
2020 Americas Central America 48 0
2015 Asia South Asia 81 7
2018 Asia South Asia 44 5
2020 Mixed/Unknown Unknown 24 36
2014 Africa North Africa 4 0
2017 Africa Horn of Africa (P) 146 0
2019 Asia South Asia 96 5
2014 Asia East Asia 5 9
2016 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 282 936
2019 Americas Latin America and the Caribbean (P) 329 2
2020 Asia South Asia (P) 18 0
2017 Middle East Middle East and South Asia (P) 77 0
2015 Americas South America 14 0
2019 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 142 50
2020 Americas Latin America and the Caribbean (P) 98 7
2017 Americas Caribbean 43 126
2015 Middle East Middle East and South Asia (P) 388 101
2018 Middle East Middle East 137 18
2020 Asia South Asia 55 4
2014 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 596 783
2018 Americas Caribbean 14 14
2019 Africa Horn of Africa (P) 117 0
2014 Middle East Middle East 80 257
2016 Americas Caribbean 44 59
2019 Africa Horn of Africa 130 46
2014 Americas Caribbean 33 42
2016 Middle East Middle East 153 22
2019 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 1220 58
2019 North Africa (P) 7 0
2017 Mixed/Unknown Unknown 1562 931
2015 Asia East Asia (P) 0 15
2018 Asia Southeast Asia 54 18
2020 Mixed/Unknown Mixed 18 114
2015 Africa Horn of Africa 665 33
2018 Africa North Africa 111 103
2020 Africa North Africa 23 61
2014 Americas South America 1 0
2018 Americas Latin America and the Caribbean (P) 147 6
2019 Asia Southeast Asia 65 5
2014 Europe Europe 1 0
2016 Asia Southeast Asia 149 38
2019 Mixed/Unknown Mixed 225 793
2017 Asia Southeast Asia 196 104
2016 Mixed/Unknown Unknown 504 140
2019 Mixed/Unknown Unknown 389 478
2020 Middle East Middle East and South Asia (P) 11 49
2017 Americas Latin America and the Caribbean (P) 317 4
2015 Americas Caribbean 32 35
2018 Africa Horn of Africa 61 0
2020 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 149 72
2015 Middle East Middle East 276 124
2018 Africa Horn of Africa (P) 584 18
2019 Asia Southeast Asia (P) 161 0
2014 Middle East Middle East and South Asia 1 0
2016 Africa North Africa 55 31
2019 Americas Caribbean 75 13
2014 Mixed/Unknown Unknown 327 562
2016 Asia South Asia 49 30
2019 Middle East Middle East 38 15
2020 Africa Horn of Africa (P) 4 0
2017 Asia South Asia 180 0
2015 Americas Central America 117 2
2018 Middle East Middle East and South Asia 20 0
2020 Middle East Middle East 30 3
2017 Middle East Middle East 112 0
2015 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 201 992
2018 Americas Central America 199 0
2020 Americas Caribbean 8 39
2014 Asia South Asia 35 15
2018 Mixed/Unknown Unknown 952 989
2019 Middle East Middle East and South Asia 6 0
2014 Africa Horn of Africa 196 363
2016 Africa Horn of Africa 1311 81
2019 Middle East Middle East and South Asia (P) 104 7
2017 Africa North Africa 92 14
2016 Americas Central America 231 3
2019 Americas Central America 257 7
2020 Middle East Middle East and South Asia 7 5

Top causes of death recorded in 2020

Africa

Asphyxiation
Deaths: 64
Sickness and lack of access to medicines
Deaths: 53
Harsh weather/lack of adequate shelter
Deaths: 39
Starvation
Deaths: 38
Shot
Deaths: 35

Americas

Unknown (skeletal remains)
Deaths: 56
Drowning
Deaths: 61
Presumed drowning
Deaths: 49
Vehicle accident
Deaths: 8
Fell from train
Deaths: 6

Asia

Starvation
Deaths: 70
Violence
Deaths: 70
Dehydration
Deaths: 70
Vehicle accident
Deaths: 20
Presumed drowning (beaten and thrown into river)
Deaths: 18

Europe

Drowning
Deaths: 8
Presumed suffocation
Deaths: 4
Vehicle accident
Deaths: 3
Presumed drowning
Deaths: 3
Injuries (inflicted with a cold weapon)
Deaths: 3

Mediterranean

Drowning
Deaths: 199
Presumed drowning
Deaths: 164
Unknown
Deaths: 12
Shot
Deaths: 1
Pressumed drowning
Deaths: 1

Middle East

Hypothermia
Deaths: 13
Drowning
Deaths: 55
Shot
Deaths: 2
Vehicle accident
Deaths: 1

Regions in focus

Publications

 

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Missing Migrants Project by International Organization for Migration (IOM) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. This means that Missing Migrants Project data and website content is free to share and adapt, as long as the appropriate attribution is given.

 

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IOM's Missing Migrants Project is made possible by funding by UK Aid from the Government of the United Kingdom and the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs; however, the views expressed do not necessarily reflect the official policies or positions of the Governments of the United Kingdom or Switzerland.