Deaths during migration
recorded since 2014, by region of incident

Disclaimer: The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the International Organization for Migration.
Data represent minimum estimates and locations are approximate. The figures for 2022 were last updated on 09 November 2022.
Africa 11,697
Year Dead/Missing
2022 508
2021 1,599
2020 1,242
2019 1,903
2018 1,451
2017 1,669
2016 1,778
2015 948
2014 599
The Americas 6,629
Year Dead/Missing
2022 692
2021 1,248
2020 798
2019 854
2018 594
2017 677
2016 746
2015 527
2014 493
Asia 4,870
Year Dead/Missing
2022 369
2021 788
2020 574
2019 414
2018 189
2017 533
2016 206
2015 944
2014 853
Europe 839
Year Dead/Missing
2022 70
2021 132
2020 83
2019 151
2018 116
2017 58
2016 65
2015 142
2014 22
Mediterranean 24,413
Year Dead/Missing
2022 1,079
2021 2,048
2020 1,448
2019 1,885
2018 2,337
2017 3,139
2016 5,136
2015 4,055
2014 3,286
Western Asia 1,277
Year Dead/Missing
2022 38
2021 99
2020 122
2019 194
2018 300
2017 208
2016 153
2015 98
2014 65
  Warning! We are currently updating the data on the website. As long as this message is present, the data on this page is not up to date. For urgent questions, please email missingmigrants@iom.int.
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DATA

Missing Migrants Project tracks incidents involving migrants, including refugees and asylum-seekers, who have died or gone missing in the process of migration towards an international destination.

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Dead and Missing by year

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KEY STATISTICS 2014 - 2021

death
Missing Migrants Project has recorded
the deaths of
49,725
people since 2014.
drownning
The remains of
21,391
people who lost their lives during migration have not
been recovered.
route
The most deadly route is the
Central Mediterranean
route, where at least
19,750
people have died since 2014.

Cause of Death

Mixed or unknown icon 2,659 Mixed or unknown
Violence 991 Violence
Harsh environmental conditions icon 1,358 Harsh environmental conditions / lack of adequate shelter, food, water
accident 844 Accidental death
Sickness / lack of access to adequate healthcare 897 Sickness / lack of access to adequate healthcare
Vehicle accident icon 891 Vehicle accident / death linked to hazardous transport
Drowning 20,574 Drowning

Fatalities by Month