Deaths during migration
recorded since 2014, by region of incident

Disclaimer: The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the International Organization for Migration.
Data represent minimum estimates and locations are approximate. The figures for 2021 were last updated on 21 January 2022.
Africa 11,098
Year Dead/Missing
2022 51
2021 1,500
2020 1,216
2019 1,886
2018 1,451
2017 1,669
2016 1,778
2015 948
2014 599
The Americas 5,862
Year Dead/Missing
2022 11
2021 1,162
2020 798
2019 854
2018 594
2017 677
2016 746
2015 527
2014 493
Asia 4,087
Year Dead/Missing
2022 22
2021 352
2020 574
2019 414
2018 189
2017 533
2016 206
2015 944
2014 853
Europe 770
Year Dead/Missing
2022 4
2021 131
2020 83
2019 149
2018 116
2017 58
2016 65
2015 142
2014 22
Mediterranean 23,383
Year Dead/Missing
2022 50
2021 2,047
2020 1,448
2019 1,885
2018 2,337
2017 3,139
2016 5,136
2015 4,055
2014 3,286
Western Asia 1,240
Year Dead/Missing
2022 2
2021 99
2020 121
2019 194
2018 300
2017 208
2016 153
2015 98
2014 65
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DATA

Missing Migrants Project tracks incidents involving migrants, including refugees and asylum-seekers, who have died or gone missing in the process of migration towards an international destination.

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Dead and Missing by year

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KEY STATISTICS 2014 - 2021

death
Missing Migrants Project has recorded
the deaths of
46,440
people since 2014.
drownning
The remains of
20,313
people who lost their lives during migration have not
been recovered.
route
The most deadly route is the
Central Mediterranean
route, where at least
18,859
people have died since 2014.

Cause of Death

Mixed or unknown icon 7886 Mixed or unknown
Harsh environmental conditions icon 2653 Harsh environmental conditions / lack of adequate shelter, food, water
Sickness / lack of access to adequate healthcare 1164 Sickness / lack of access to adequate healthcare
Vehicle accident icon 3469 Vehicle accident / death linked to hazardous transport
accident 437 Accidental death
Violence 2351 Violence
Drowning 28480 Drowning

Fatalities by Month