Africa

Reported Date
April 2015 17
April 2016 76
April 2017 27
April 2018 153
April 2019 174
April 2020 43
August 2015 28
August 2016 109
August 2017 184
August 2018 129
August 2019 105
December 2015 318
December 2016 175
December 2017 144
December 2018 76
December 2019 219
February 2015 44
February 2016 383
February 2017 87
February 2018 134
February 2019 154
February 2020 31
January 2015 48
January 2016 120
January 2017 148
January 2018 135
January 2019 212
January 2020 71
July 2015 29
July 2016 97
July 2017 175
July 2018 127
July 2019 148
July 2020 4
June 2015 43
June 2016 171
June 2017 214
June 2018 199
June 2019 127
June 2020 8
March 2015 97
March 2016 191
March 2017 104
March 2018 107
March 2019 175
March 2020 101
May 2015 25
May 2016 144
May 2017 128
May 2018 132
May 2019 131
May 2020 39
November 2015 98
November 2016 107
November 2017 156
November 2018 100
November 2019 163
October 2015 215
October 2016 216
October 2017 219
October 2018 153
October 2019 141
September 2015 72
September 2016 43
September 2017 154
September 2018 155
September 2019 111
Reported Date Region Region of Origin Number Dead Minimum Estimated Number of Missing
2019 2
2015 Sub-Saharan Africa 24 20
2019 North Africa Unknown 181 41
2014 North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 13 33
2018 North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 5
2017 Sub-Saharan Africa 146 74
2018 North Africa Mixed 23
2017 North Africa Horn of Africa (P) 123
2019 North Africa North Africa (P) 7
2016 North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 52 151
2019 Horn of Africa (P) 31
2015 North Africa Horn of Africa 517
2019 Sub-Saharan Africa 89 7
2014 Horn of Africa 166 83
2019 Horn of Africa 64 33
2017 Horn of Africa 164 12
2018 Sub-Saharan Africa 86 15
2020 North Africa South Asia 30
2016 North Africa Horn of Africa 1054
2020 North Africa Unknown 5 14
2015 North Africa Middle East 2
2019 Unknown 14
2014 North Africa Unknown 5 29
2019 North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 320
2017 North Africa Mixed 7
2018 Horn of Africa 54
2017 Horn of Africa (P) 23
2020 North Africa Horn of Africa (P) 4
2016 Horn of Africa 245 56
2019 North Africa Horn of Africa 4
2015 North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 49 54
2019 North Africa 2
2014 North Africa Horn of Africa 10 0
2017 Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 2
2017 North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 42
2018 North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 8 5
2020 North Africa Mixed 3 4
2016 North Africa Unknown 226
2020 Horn of Africa 64
2015 Unknown 3
2019 Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 859 4
2015 Horn of Africa 129 33
2019 North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 31 1
2017 North Africa North Africa 20
2018 Unknown 20
2018 North Africa North Africa 15 22
2020 Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 22
2016 North Africa North Africa 22
2020 North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 53 67
2015 North Africa North Africa 21
2019 North Africa Mixed 1 22
2014 Sub-Saharan Africa 268 0
2018 Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 390
2017 North Africa Unknown 670
2018 North Africa Horn of Africa (P) 291
2017 Unknown 306
2016 Sub-Saharan Africa 22 2
2019 North Africa Horn of Africa (P) 86
2015 North Africa Unknown 174 8
2019 North Africa North Africa 46 42
2014 Unknown 16
2018 North Africa Unknown 365
2017 North Africa Horn of Africa 151
2018 Horn of Africa (P) 283 18
2020 North Africa North Africa (P) 1
2016 Unknown 2
2020 Sub-Saharan Africa 20 10

Top causes of migrant deaths recorded in 2018

Sub-Saharan Africa

Asphyxiation
Deaths: 64
Incidents: 1
Sickness and lack of access to medicines
Deaths: 12
Incidents: 8
Drowning
Deaths: 8
Incidents: 3
Shot
Deaths: 7
Incidents: 3
Vehicle Accident
Deaths: 6
Incidents: 3

North Africa

Sickness and lack of access to medicines
Deaths: 41
Incidents: 27
Harsh weather/lack of adequate shelter
Deaths: 37
Incidents: 23
Starvation
Deaths: 36
Incidents: 22
Shot
Deaths: 30
Incidents: 1
Dehydration
Deaths: 15
Incidents: 4
Reported Date Reliability Number Dead Minimum Estimated Number of Missing
2014 Verified 452 83
2014 Partially verified 26 62
2015 Verified 35
2015 Partially verified 884 115
2016 Partially verified 1623 209
2017 Verified 341 63
2017 Partially verified 1313 23
2018 Verified 225 21
2018 Partially verified 1315 39
2019 Verified 214 68
2019 Partially verified 1523 82
2020 Verified 124 51
2020 Partially verified 78 44

Regions in focus

Publications

 

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IOM's Missing Migrants Project is made possible by funding by UK Aid from the Government of the United Kingdom and the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs; however, the views expressed do not necessarily reflect the official policies or positions of the Governments of the United Kingdom or Switzerland.