Tracks deaths of migrants, including refugees

Missing Migrants Project tracks incidents involving migrants, including refugees and asylum-seekers, who have died or gone missing in the process of migration towards an international destination.

Reported Date
April 2014 98
April 2015 1,309
April 2016 739
April 2017 357
August 2014 680
August 2015 859
August 2016 222
August 2017 380
December 2014 127
December 2015 566
December 2016 641
February 2014 58
February 2015 407
February 2016 491
February 2017 381
January 2014 27
January 2015 209
January 2016 595
January 2017 536
July 2014 902
July 2015 297
July 2016 419
July 2017 374
June 2014 402
June 2015 119
June 2016 601
June 2017 809
March 2014 321
March 2015 181
March 2016 564
March 2017 429
May 2014 459
May 2015 345
May 2016 1,364
May 2017 752
November 2014 96
November 2015 242
November 2016 924
October 2014 209
October 2015 700
October 2016 697
October 2017 249
September 2014 836
September 2015 452
September 2016 494
September 2017 393
Reported Date Region Group Region of Incident Number Dead Number Missing
2014 Africa Horn of Africa 182 83
2014 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 268 0
2014 Africa North Africa 27 62
2014 Americas Caribbean 31 42
2014 Americas Central America 116
2014 Americas US-Mexico Border 307 0
2014 Asia East Asia 9
2014 Asia South Asia 2 0
2014 Asia Southeast Asia 16 798
2014 Europe Europe 20 0
2014 Middle East Middle East 28 11
2014 Mediterranean Mediterranean 725 2558
2015 Africa Horn of Africa 102 33
2015 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 54 20
2015 Africa North Africa 739 62
2015 Americas Caribbean 33 35
2015 Americas Central America 101 0
2015 Americas South America 2
2015 Americas US-Mexico Border 336 3
2015 Asia East Asia 0 15
2015 Asia Southeast Asia 297 492
2015 Europe Europe 136
2015 Middle East Middle East 36
2015 Mediterranean Mediterranean 2178 1607
2016 Africa Horn of Africa 179 56
2016 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 90 2
2016 Africa North Africa 1231 151
2016 Americas Caribbean 22 83
2016 Americas Central America 181
2016 Americas South America 26 6
2016 Americas US-Mexico Border 392 4
2016 Asia East Asia 1 2
2016 Asia Southeast Asia 149 38
2016 Europe Europe 62
2016 Middle East Middle East 114
2016 Mediterranean Mediterranean 1484 3659
2017 Africa Horn of Africa 158 12
2017 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 299 71
2017 Africa North Africa 462
2017 Americas Caribbean 33 111
2017 Americas Central America 60 3
2017 Americas US-Mexico Border 279 2
2017 Americas North America 1
2017 Asia East Asia 1
2017 Asia South Asia 1
2017 Asia Southeast Asia 157 102
2017 Europe Europe 66 14
2017 Middle East Middle East 94
2017 Mediterranean Mediterranean 761 2022
Reported Date Region Region of Origin Number Dead Number Missing
2016 Americas Latin America and the Caribbean (P) 310 16
2014 Americas Latin America and the Caribbean (P) 295 0
2015 Americas Latin America and the Caribbean (P) 316 1
2017 Americas Latin America and the Caribbean (P) 225 2
2015 Asia Southeast Asia 297 492
2014 Asia Southeast Asia 13 794
2016 Asia Southeast Asia 149 38
2017 Asia Southeast Asia 157 102
2014 Asia East Asia 5 9
2017 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 326 546
2016 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 402 936
2014 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 596 783
2015 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 201 992
2014 Africa Horn of Africa 196 363
2016 Africa Horn of Africa 1311 81
2017 Africa Horn of Africa 319 12
2015 Africa Horn of Africa 665 33
2017 Africa North Africa 69 11
2015 Africa North Africa 43 1
2014 Africa North Africa 4 0
2016 Africa North Africa 55 31
2015 Asia South Asia 81 7
2017 Asia South Asia 49
2016 Asia South Asia 49 30
2014 Asia South Asia 34 15
2016 Americas South America 3 19
2017 Americas South America 5
2015 Americas South America 14
2014 Americas South America 1
2016 Middle East Middle East South Asia (P) 242 54
2017 Middle East Middle East South Asia (P) 1
2015 Middle East Middle East South Asia (P) 393 102
2014 Middle East Middle East and South Asia 1
2014 Middle East Middle East 75 257
2016 Middle East Middle East 153 22
2015 Middle East Middle East 278 124
2017 Middle East Middle East 80
2017 Horn of Africa (P) 86
2014 Europe Europe 1 0
2015 Asia East Asia (P) 0 15
2016 Americas Central America 225 3
2014 Americas Central America 125 0
2017 Americas Central America 102
2015 Americas Central America 105 2
2017 Americas Caribbean 32 111
2016 Americas Caribbean 44 49
2014 Americas Caribbean 33 42
2015 Americas Caribbean 32 35
2015 Mixed/Unknown Unknown 628 129
2017 Mixed/Unknown Unknown 875 874
2016 Mixed/Unknown Unknown 379 140
2014 Mixed/Unknown Unknown 326 562
2014 Mixed/Unknown Mixed 17 738
2017 Mixed/Unknown Mixed 46 679
2015 Mixed/Unknown Mixed 961 334
2016 Mixed/Unknown Mixed 609 2582

Top causes of death recorded in 2017

Mediterranean

Drowning
Deaths: 2,300
Unknown
Deaths: 79
Dehydration
Deaths: 29
Starvation
Deaths: 28
Hypothermia
Deaths: 25

Europe

Drowning
Deaths: 42
Vehicle Accident
Deaths: 15
Hypothermia
Deaths: 6
Train Accident
Deaths: 6
Electrocution
Deaths: 6

Middle East

Shot
Deaths: 80
Drowning
Deaths: 5
Vehicle Accident
Deaths: 4
Hypothermia
Deaths: 3
Killed by mortar shell
Deaths: 1

Africa

Starvation
Deaths: 214
Dehydration
Deaths: 144
Sickness and lack of access to medicines
Deaths: 114
Harsh weather/lack of adequate shelter
Deaths: 85
Excessive Physical Abuse
Deaths: 84

Asia

Fell
Deaths: 1
Drowning
Deaths: 250
Killed by a landmine blast
Deaths: 5
Shot
Deaths: 4
Shot
Deaths: 1

Americas

Hypothermia
Deaths: 1
Unknown (skeletal remains)
Deaths: 94
Drowning
Deaths: 68
Mixed
Deaths: 49
Unknown
Deaths: 21

Regions in focus

Publications

 

https://www.iom.int            https://gmdac.iom.int/            https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/department-for-international-development

 

Missing Migrants Project by International Organization for Migration (IOM) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. This means that Missing Migrants Project website content is free to share and adapt, as long as the appropriate attribution is given. Missing Migrants Project is made possible by funding by UK Aid from the Government of the United Kingdom; however, the views expressed do not necessarily reflect the Government of the United Kingdom’s official policies.