Mediterranean

Reported Date
April 2014 50
April 2015 1,494
April 2016 630
April 2017 312
April 2018 109
April 2019 64
April 2020 14
August 2014 616
August 2015 689
August 2016 62
August 2017 151
August 2018 97
August 2019 173
August 2020 20
December 2014 99
December 2015 215
December 2016 386
December 2017 26
December 2018 106
December 2019 176
February 2014 24
February 2015 345
February 2016 55
February 2017 231
February 2018 197
February 2019 26
February 2020 118
January 2014 12
January 2015 82
January 2016 370
January 2017 254
January 2018 243
January 2019 216
January 2020 92
July 2014 864
July 2015 230
July 2016 226
July 2017 132
July 2018 224
July 2019 306
July 2020 32
June 2014 318
June 2015 33
June 2016 389
June 2017 539
June 2018 629
June 2019 81
June 2020 111
March 2014 10
March 2015 61
March 2016 324
March 2017 318
March 2018 67
March 2019 120
March 2020 33
May 2014 329
May 2015 96
May 2016 1,178
May 2017 623
May 2018 48
May 2019 108
May 2020 12
November 2014 22
November 2015 107
November 2016 718
November 2017 262
November 2018 149
November 2019 379
October 2014 126
October 2015 433
October 2016 437
October 2017 176
October 2018 189
October 2019 99
September 2014 813
September 2015 269
September 2016 368
September 2017 115
September 2018 241
September 2019 137
Month Number of Arrivals
January 2015 1,472
January 2015 3,528
February 2015 2,480
February 2015 4,354
March 2015 6,583
March 2015 2,283
April 2015 11,873
April 2015 16,056
May 2015 17,889
May 2015 21,231
June 2015 31,318
June 2015 22,877
July 2015 54,899
July 2015 23,210
August 2015 107,843
August 2015 22,610
September 2015 147,639
September 2015 15,922
October 2015 211,663
October 2015 8,916
November 2015 151,249
November 2015 3,219
December 2015 108,742
December 2015 9,636
January 2016 67,415
January 2016 5,273
February 2016 57,066
February 2016 3,828
March 2016 26,999
March 2016 9,676
April 2016 3,650
April 2016 9,149
May 2016 1,721
May 2016 19,925
June 2016 1,554
June 2016 22,371
July 2016 1,920
July 2016 23,552
August 2016 3,563
August 2016 21,294
September 2016 3,107
September 2016 16,975
October 2016 3,161
October 2016 27,384
November 2016 2,061
November 2016 13,962
December 2016 1,742
December 2016 8,047
January 2017 6,907
February 2017 8,972
February 2017 1,655
March 2017 13,403
April 2017 15,036
May 2017 25,903
June 2017 27,785
July 2017 16,136
August 2017 9,794
September 2017 12,678
October 2017 13,856
November 2017 13,011
December 2017 7,227
January 2018 4,182
January 2018 2,985
February 2018 2,287
February 2018 1,102
March 2018 2,438
March 2018 1,916
April 2018 3,034
April 2018 4,429
May 2018 10,334
June 2018 12,802
July 2018 12,400
August 2018 11,705
September 2018 13,456
October 2018 16,644
November 2018 8,532
December 2018 8,630
January 2019 7,076
February 2019 3,187
March 2019 3,701
April 2019 4,117
May 2019 6,038
June 2019 8,761
July 2019 10,374
August 2019 12,882
September 2019 17,059
October 2019 16,961
November 2019 11,886
December 2019 9,812
January 2020 6,721
February 2020 5,712
March 2020 3,147
April 2020 1,511
May 2020 3,020
June 2020 3,667
July 2020 8,601
Note: Arrivals data for the past year are from January to end of the current month. Arrivals data for the current year are updated every Monday and Thursday. Data sets on arrivals include information from Spain, Italy, Cyprus, and Greece.
Reported Date Deaths
April 2020 14
August 2020 20
February 2020 118
January 2020 92
July 2020 32
June 2020 111
March 2020 33
May 2020 12

Proportion of deaths vs attempted crossings

Note: 'Attempted crossings' include sea arrivals in Spain, Italy, Cyprus, and Greece, land arrivals in Spain, and interceptions by the Tunisian National Guard and Turkish and Libyan Coast Guards as relevant. No data on interceptions by the Tunisian Navy nor by Egyptian or Moroccan authorities are currently available. Attempted crossings data for the past year are from January to end of the current month. Download attempted crossings data for 2014-2019 here. This dataset is linked to our briefing 'Calculating “Death Rates” in the Context of Migration Journeys.'
Reported Date Deaths
April 2020 14
August 2020 20
February 2020 118
January 2020 92
July 2020 32
June 2020 111
March 2020 33
May 2020 12
Reported Date Migration Route Number Dead Minimum Estimated Number of Missing
2014 Central Mediterranean 672 2493
2014 Eastern Mediterranean 23 36
2014 Western Mediterranean 30 29
2015 Central Mediterranean 1562 1587
2015 Eastern Mediterranean 570 233
2015 Western Mediterranean 43 59
2016 Central Mediterranean 1128 3453
2016 Eastern Mediterranean 329 105
2016 Western Mediterranean 27 101
2017 Central Mediterranean 795 2058
2017 Eastern Mediterranean 48 14
2017 Western Mediterranean 93 131
2018 Central Mediterranean 288 1026
2018 Eastern Mediterranean 105 69
2018 Western Mediterranean 329 482
2019 Central Mediterranean 270 992
2019 Eastern Mediterranean 57 14
2019 Western Mediterranean 120 432
2020 Central Mediterranean 115 180
2020 Eastern Mediterranean 43 28
2020 Western Mediterranean 22 44
Reported Date Migrant Route Number Dead Minimum Estimated Number of Missing
April 2014 Central Mediterranean 9 41
April 2015 Central Mediterranean 764 716
April 2015 Eastern Mediterranean 10 4
April 2016 Central Mediterranean 17 594
April 2016 Eastern Mediterranean 6 4
April 2016 Western Mediterranean 0 9
April 2017 Central Mediterranean 63 216
April 2017 Eastern Mediterranean 17 7
April 2017 Western Mediterranean 4 5
April 2018 Central Mediterranean 20 0
April 2018 Western Mediterranean 41 48
April 2019 Central Mediterranean 1 51
April 2019 Eastern Mediterranean 5 0
April 2019 Western Mediterranean 3 4
April 2020 Central Mediterranean 6 7
April 2020 Western Mediterranean 1 0
August 2014 Central Mediterranean 257 359
August 2015 Central Mediterranean 296 356
August 2015 Eastern Mediterranean 25 4
August 2015 Western Mediterranean 8 0
August 2016 Central Mediterranean 38 2
August 2016 Eastern Mediterranean 1 2
August 2016 Western Mediterranean 2 17
August 2017 Central Mediterranean 23 120
August 2017 Western Mediterranean 8 0
August 2018 Central Mediterranean 19 0
August 2018 Eastern Mediterranean 10 0
August 2018 Western Mediterranean 17 51
August 2019 Central Mediterranean 15 152
August 2019 Western Mediterranean 3 3
August 2020 Central Mediterranean 2 10
August 2020 Western Mediterranean 1 7
December 2014 Central Mediterranean 26 32
December 2014 Eastern Mediterranean 0 9
December 2014 Western Mediterranean 9 23
December 2015 Central Mediterranean 8 0
December 2015 Eastern Mediterranean 144 61
December 2015 Western Mediterranean 2 0
December 2016 Central Mediterranean 107 267
December 2016 Eastern Mediterranean 5 0
December 2016 Western Mediterranean 7 0
December 2017 Central Mediterranean 4 5
December 2017 Eastern Mediterranean 1 0
December 2017 Western Mediterranean 8 8
December 2018 Central Mediterranean 20 3
December 2018 Eastern Mediterranean 0 7
December 2018 Western Mediterranean 35 41
December 2019 Central Mediterranean 2 45
December 2019 Western Mediterranean 21 108
February 2014 Central Mediterranean 9 0
February 2014 Western Mediterranean 15 0
February 2015 Central Mediterranean 29 307
February 2015 Eastern Mediterranean 7 2
February 2016 Central Mediterranean 7 0
February 2016 Eastern Mediterranean 37 9
February 2016 Western Mediterranean 2 0
February 2017 Central Mediterranean 96 121
February 2017 Eastern Mediterranean 1 0
February 2017 Western Mediterranean 2 11
February 2018 Central Mediterranean 35 86
February 2018 Eastern Mediterranean 1 0
February 2018 Western Mediterranean 44 31
February 2019 Central Mediterranean 6 0
February 2019 Eastern Mediterranean 0 1
February 2019 Western Mediterranean 7 12
February 2020 Central Mediterranean 6 103
February 2020 Western Mediterranean 5 4
January 2014 Eastern Mediterranean 12 0
January 2015 Central Mediterranean 11 56
January 2015 Western Mediterranean 13 2
January 2016 Central Mediterranean 10 80
January 2016 Eastern Mediterranean 221 54
January 2016 Western Mediterranean 5 0
January 2017 Central Mediterranean 50 175
January 2017 Eastern Mediterranean 1 0
January 2017 Western Mediterranean 15 13
January 2018 Central Mediterranean 17 198
January 2018 Western Mediterranean 19 9
January 2019 Central Mediterranean 29 123
January 2019 Eastern Mediterranean 2 0
January 2019 Western Mediterranean 9 53
January 2020 Central Mediterranean 2 4
January 2020 Eastern Mediterranean 38 25
January 2020 Western Mediterranean 4 19
July 2014 Central Mediterranean 100 739
July 2014 Eastern Mediterranean 4 21
July 2015 Central Mediterranean 206 0
July 2015 Eastern Mediterranean 9 15
July 2016 Central Mediterranean 184 24
July 2016 Eastern Mediterranean 4 3
July 2016 Western Mediterranean 4 7
July 2017 Central Mediterranean 30 38
July 2017 Eastern Mediterranean 8 0
July 2017 Western Mediterranean 7 49
July 2018 Central Mediterranean 26 131
July 2018 Eastern Mediterranean 25 25
July 2018 Western Mediterranean 4 13
July 2019 Central Mediterranean 158 143
July 2019 Eastern Mediterranean 0 1
July 2019 Western Mediterranean 3 1
July 2020 Central Mediterranean 10 15
July 2020 Western Mediterranean 1 6
June 2014 Central Mediterranean 68 246
June 2014 Western Mediterranean 4 0
June 2015 Central Mediterranean 5 0
June 2015 Eastern Mediterranean 6 0
June 2015 Western Mediterranean 0 22
June 2016 Central Mediterranean 42 346
June 2016 Western Mediterranean 1 0
June 2017 Central Mediterranean 174 355
June 2017 Western Mediterranean 10 0
June 2018 Central Mediterranean 137 427
June 2018 Eastern Mediterranean 9 1
June 2018 Western Mediterranean 16 39
June 2019 Central Mediterranean 2 25
June 2019 Eastern Mediterranean 19 0
June 2019 Western Mediterranean 11 24
June 2020 Central Mediterranean 82 19
June 2020 Eastern Mediterranean 1 3
June 2020 Western Mediterranean 3 3
March 2014 Central Mediterranean 1 0
March 2014 Eastern Mediterranean 7 2
March 2015 Central Mediterranean 13 40
March 2015 Eastern Mediterranean 5 3
March 2016 Central Mediterranean 80 178
March 2016 Eastern Mediterranean 35 10
March 2016 Western Mediterranean 1 20
March 2017 Central Mediterranean 50 250
March 2017 Eastern Mediterranean 11 0
March 2017 Western Mediterranean 6 1
March 2018 Central Mediterranean 2 21
March 2018 Eastern Mediterranean 16 3
March 2018 Western Mediterranean 18 7
March 2019 Central Mediterranean 7 49
March 2019 Eastern Mediterranean 9 2
March 2019 Western Mediterranean 9 44
March 2020 Central Mediterranean 3 15
March 2020 Eastern Mediterranean 4 0
March 2020 Western Mediterranean 6 5
May 2014 Central Mediterranean 89 240
May 2015 Central Mediterranean 46 49
May 2015 Western Mediterranean 1 0
May 2016 Central Mediterranean 64 1066
May 2016 Western Mediterranean 3 45
May 2017 Central Mediterranean 123 498
May 2017 Western Mediterranean 0 2
May 2018 Central Mediterranean 3 8
May 2018 Eastern Mediterranean 16 0
May 2018 Western Mediterranean 6 15
May 2019 Central Mediterranean 5 60
May 2019 Eastern Mediterranean 10 8
May 2019 Western Mediterranean 6 19
May 2020 Central Mediterranean 4 7
May 2020 Western Mediterranean 1 0
November 2014 Central Mediterranean 0 18
November 2014 Eastern Mediterranean 0 4
November 2015 Central Mediterranean 8 0
November 2015 Eastern Mediterranean 79 19
November 2015 Western Mediterranean 1 0
November 2016 Central Mediterranean 61 642
November 2016 Eastern Mediterranean 11 3
November 2016 Western Mediterranean 1 0
November 2017 Central Mediterranean 74 119
November 2017 Eastern Mediterranean 8 7
November 2017 Western Mediterranean 24 30
November 2018 Central Mediterranean 6 18
November 2018 Eastern Mediterranean 7 4
November 2018 Western Mediterranean 66 48
November 2019 Central Mediterranean 12 267
November 2019 Western Mediterranean 8 92
October 2014 Central Mediterranean 13 105
October 2014 Western Mediterranean 2 6
October 2015 Central Mediterranean 163 0
October 2015 Eastern Mediterranean 172 48
October 2015 Western Mediterranean 16 34
October 2016 Central Mediterranean 261 170
October 2016 Eastern Mediterranean 2 0
October 2016 Western Mediterranean 1 3
October 2017 Central Mediterranean 96 71
October 2017 Western Mediterranean 6 3
October 2018 Central Mediterranean 1 6
October 2018 Eastern Mediterranean 12 26
October 2018 Western Mediterranean 37 107
October 2019 Central Mediterranean 27 64
October 2019 Eastern Mediterranean 4 1
October 2019 Western Mediterranean 3 0
September 2014 Central Mediterranean 100 713
September 2015 Central Mediterranean 13 63
September 2015 Eastern Mediterranean 113 77
September 2015 Western Mediterranean 2 1
September 2016 Central Mediterranean 257 84
September 2016 Eastern Mediterranean 7 20
September 2017 Central Mediterranean 12 90
September 2017 Eastern Mediterranean 1 0
September 2017 Western Mediterranean 3 9
September 2018 Central Mediterranean 2 128
September 2018 Eastern Mediterranean 9 3
September 2018 Western Mediterranean 26 73
September 2019 Central Mediterranean 6 13
September 2019 Eastern Mediterranean 8 1
September 2019 Western Mediterranean 37 72
Reported Date Region of Origin Number Dead Minimum Estimated Number of Missing
2017 Middle East and South Asia (P) 1
2017 South Asia 2
2014 South Asia 1 4
2015 South Asia 51 7
2015 Horn of Africa 9 0
2016 Unknown 237 140
2016 Horn of Africa 5 25
2018 Sub-Saharan Africa 87 188
2018 Middle East and South Asia (P) 35 28
2018 Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 2 2
2019 Middle East 8 7
2019 South Asia 19 4
2020 South Asia 5 4
2020 Sub-Saharan Africa 4 10
2017 Sub-Saharan Africa 261 563
2017 Horn of Africa 2
2014 Horn of Africa 14 280
2014 Sub-Saharan Africa 315 750
2015 Middle East and South Asia (P) 315 101
2015 Mixed 947 606
2016 South Asia 16 30
2016 Mixed 720 2576
2018 North Africa 87 80
2018 Middle East 44 11
2019 Sub-Saharan Africa 9 41
2019 North Africa 67 114
2019 Horn of Africa 1 13
2020 Mixed 20 122
2020 Horn of Africa 5 7
2017 Unknown 541 914
2017 North Africa 68 14
2014 Middle East 75 257
2014 Unknown 303 529
2015 Sub-Saharan Africa 122 918
2015 North Africa 16 1
2016 Middle East 45 22
2016 North Africa 24 31
2018 Horn of Africa (P) 9
2018 South Asia 13 4
2019 Unknown 87 436
2019 Mixed 221 771
2020 Unknown 21 28
2020 Middle East 15 2
2017 Mixed 47 712
2017 Middle East 14
2014 Mixed 17 738
2015 Unknown 467 122
2015 Middle East 248 124
2016 Middle East and South Asia (P) 232 52
2016 Sub-Saharan Africa 205 783
2018 Unknown 292 988
2018 Mixed 149 276
2018 Horn of Africa 4
2019 Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 22 49
2019 Middle East and South Asia (P) 13 3
2020 North Africa 28 72
2020 Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 82 7

Regions in focus

Publications

 

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