Tracks deaths of migrants, including refugees

Missing Migrants Project tracks incidents involving migrants, including refugees and asylum-seekers, who have died or gone missing in the process of migration towards an international destination.

Reported Date
April 2014 98
April 2015 1,583
April 2016 745
April 2017 382
April 2018 339
April 2019 222
August 2014 680
August 2015 863
August 2016 244
August 2017 423
August 2018 319
August 2019 179
December 2014 127
December 2015 569
December 2016 653
December 2017 265
December 2018 242
February 2014 58
February 2015 412
February 2016 495
February 2017 407
February 2018 391
February 2019 223
January 2014 27
January 2015 209
January 2016 595
January 2017 562
January 2018 511
January 2019 489
July 2014 902
July 2015 297
July 2016 431
July 2017 387
July 2018 442
July 2019 356
June 2014 402
June 2015 121
June 2016 626
June 2017 834
June 2018 921
June 2019 230
March 2014 320
March 2015 190
March 2016 575
March 2017 453
March 2018 274
March 2019 302
May 2014 459
May 2015 346
May 2016 1,379
May 2017 820
May 2018 239
May 2019 211
November 2014 96
November 2015 242
November 2016 940
November 2017 501
November 2018 310
October 2014 211
October 2015 704
October 2016 706
October 2017 549
October 2018 449
September 2014 839
September 2015 453
September 2016 501
September 2017 607
September 2018 451
September 2019 75
Reported Date Region Group Region of Incident Number Dead Minimum Estimated Number of Missing
2014 Africa Horn of Africa 182 83
2014 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 268 0
2014 Africa North Africa 28 62
2014 Americas Caribbean 31 42
2014 Americas Central America 116
2014 Americas US-Mexico Border 306 0
2014 Asia East Asia 9
2014 Asia South Asia 2 0
2014 Asia Southeast Asia 16 798
2014 Europe Europe 22 0
2014 Middle East Middle East 30 11
2014 Mediterranean Mediterranean 725 2558
2015 Africa Horn of Africa 102 33
2015 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 54 20
2015 Africa North Africa 763 62
2015 Americas Caribbean 33 35
2015 Americas Central America 110 0
2015 Americas South America 2
2015 Americas US-Mexico Border 336 3
2015 Asia East Asia 0 15
2015 Asia South Asia 22
2015 Asia Southeast Asia 297 492
2015 Europe Europe 137
2015 Middle East Middle East 14
2015 Mediterranean Mediterranean 2175 1879
2016 Africa Horn of Africa 179 56
2016 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 90 2
2016 Africa North Africa 1353 151
2016 Americas Caribbean 22 93
2016 Americas Central America 180
2016 Americas South America 27 6
2016 Americas US-Mexico Border 397 4
2016 Asia East Asia 1 2
2016 Asia South Asia 14
2016 Asia Southeast Asia 149 38
2016 Europe Europe 63
2016 Middle East Middle East 100
2016 Mediterranean Mediterranean 1484 3659
2017 Africa Horn of Africa 161 12
2017 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 481 74
2017 Africa North Africa 1013
2017 Americas Caribbean 44 126
2017 Americas Central America 90 3
2017 Americas US-Mexico Border 408 9
2017 Americas North America 1
2017 Asia East Asia 1
2017 Asia South Asia 221
2017 Asia Southeast Asia 197 104
2017 Europe Europe 84 14
2017 Middle East Middle East 98
2017 Mediterranean Mediterranean 936 2203
2018 Africa Horn of Africa 258 18
2018 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 575 15
2018 Africa North Africa 710 27
2018 Americas Caribbean 14 27
2018 Americas Central America 74 3
2018 Americas South America 27 3
2018 Americas US-Mexico Border 439 3
2018 Asia East Asia 3
2018 Asia South Asia 27
2018 Asia Southeast Asia 87 17
2018 Asia Central Asia 52
2018 Europe Europe 109 7
2018 Middle East Middle East 140 5
2018 Mediterranean Mediterranean 722 1577
2019 Africa Horn of Africa 54 33
2019 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 252 1
2019 Africa North Africa 205 63
2019 Americas Caribbean 63 91
2019 Americas Central America 84
2019 Americas South America 29 5
2019 Americas US-Mexico Border 306 9
2019 Americas North America 1
2019 Asia South Asia 3
2019 Asia Southeast Asia 22 5
2019 Europe Europe 41 5
2019 Middle East Middle East 87
2019 Mediterranean Mediterranean 316 637
Reported Date Region Region of Origin Number Dead Minimum Estimated Number of Missing
2015 Asia East Asia (P) 0 15
2014 Asia East Asia 5 9
2019 Asia East Asia 4 0
2014 Asia Southeast Asia 11 794
2019 Asia Southeast Asia 22 5
2018 Asia Southeast Asia 54 17
2016 Asia Southeast Asia 149 38
2017 Asia Southeast Asia 196 104
2015 Asia Southeast Asia 297 492
2019 Asia South Asia 48 5
2015 Asia South Asia 81 7
2018 Asia South Asia 44 5
2016 Asia South Asia 49 30
2017 Asia South Asia 180 0
2014 Asia South Asia 35 15
2018 Asia Central Asia 52 0
2016 Middle East Middle East South Asia (P) 242 54
2018 Middle East Middle East South Asia (P) 52 28
2017 Middle East Middle East South Asia (P) 1 0
2015 Middle East Middle East South Asia (P) 388 101
2019 Middle East Middle East South Asia (P) 3 0
2019 Middle East Middle East and South Asia 6 0
2014 Middle East Middle East and South Asia 1 0
2018 Middle East Middle East and South Asia 20 0
2018 Middle East Middle East 137 18
2014 Middle East Middle East 80 257
2016 Middle East Middle East 153 22
2015 Middle East Middle East 276 124
2017 Middle East Middle East 112 0
2019 Middle East Middle East 20 10
2019 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 391 54
2017 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 2 0
2018 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 397 2
2018 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 190 208
2016 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 281 936
2014 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 596 783
2019 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 42 42
2015 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 201 992
2017 Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 461 636
2019 Africa Horn of Africa (P) 21 0
2017 Africa Horn of Africa (P) 147 0
2018 Africa Horn of Africa (P) 587 18
2017 Africa Horn of Africa 320 12
2015 Africa Horn of Africa 665 33
2018 Africa Horn of Africa 61 0
2019 Africa Horn of Africa 55 47
2014 Africa Horn of Africa 196 363
2016 Africa Horn of Africa 1311 81
2014 Africa North Africa 4 0
2019 Africa North Africa 40 79
2018 Africa North Africa 111 103
2016 Africa North Africa 55 31
2017 Africa North Africa 92 14
2015 Africa North Africa 43 1
2017 Americas South America 8 1
2019 Americas South America 19 82
2015 Americas South America 14 0
2014 Americas South America 1 0
2018 Americas South America 30 16
2016 Americas South America 4 19
2015 Americas Central America 114 2
2018 Americas Central America 199 0
2016 Americas Central America 228 3
2019 Americas Central America 192 7
2017 Americas Central America 146 4
2014 Americas Central America 125 0
2017 Americas Caribbean 43 126
2018 Americas Caribbean 14 14
2016 Americas Caribbean 44 59
2014 Americas Caribbean 33 42
2015 Americas Caribbean 32 35
2019 Americas Caribbean 70 9
2014 Americas Latin America and the Caribbean (P) 294 0
2015 Americas Latin America and the Caribbean (P) 316 1
2018 Americas Latin America and the Caribbean (P) 147 6
2019 Americas Latin America and the Caribbean (P) 176 2
2017 Americas Latin America and the Caribbean (P) 318 4
2016 Americas Latin America and the Caribbean (P) 310 1
2019 Europe Europe 1 0
2014 Europe Europe 1 0
2016 Mixed/Unknown Mixed 729 2597
2019 Mixed/Unknown Mixed 181 368
2018 Mixed/Unknown Mixed 172 276
2014 Mixed/Unknown Mixed 17 738
2017 Mixed/Unknown Mixed 71 712
2015 Mixed/Unknown Mixed 961 606
2019 Europe ME/SA (P) 66 2
2017 Europe ME/SA (P) 76 0
2019 Mixed/Unknown Unknown 105 137
2017 Mixed/Unknown Unknown 1562 932
2016 Mixed/Unknown Unknown 504 140
2014 Mixed/Unknown Unknown 327 562
2018 Europe ME/SA (P) 18 2
2018 Mixed/Unknown Unknown 952 989
2015 Mixed/Unknown Unknown 657 130

Top causes of death recorded in 2019

Mediterranean

Presumed drowning
Deaths: 501
Drowning
Deaths: 370
Hypothermia
Deaths: 85
Presumed drowing
Deaths: 57
Unknown
Deaths: 18

Europe

Drowning
Deaths: 16
Vehicle Accident
Deaths: 9
Suffocation
Deaths: 4
Hit by vehicle
Deaths: 3
Hit by train
Deaths: 3

Middle East

Vehicle Accident
Deaths: 37
Hypothermia
Deaths: 28
Presumed drowning
Deaths: 8
Shot
Deaths: 6
Hyperthermia
Deaths: 4

Africa

Vehicle Accident
Deaths: 72
Excessive Physical Abuse
Deaths: 59
Starvation
Deaths: 46
Sickness and lack of access to medicines
Deaths: 46
Dehydration
Deaths: 40

Asia

Vehicle Accident
Deaths: 22
Killed by landmine blast
Deaths: 1
Drowning
Deaths: 4
Shot
Deaths: 3

Americas

Drowning
Deaths: 1
Drowning
Deaths: 84
Unknown (skeletal remains)
Deaths: 71
Unknown
Deaths: 46
Dehydration
Deaths: 19

Regions in focus

Publications

 

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Missing Migrants Project by International Organization for Migration (IOM) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. This means that Missing Migrants Project data and website content is free to share and adapt, as long as the appropriate attribution is given.

 

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IOM's Missing Migrants Project is made possible by funding by UK Aid from the Government of the United Kingdom and the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs; however, the views expressed do not necessarily reflect the official policies of the Governments of the United Kingdom or Switzerland.