Africa

Reported Date
April 2015 7
April 2016 73
April 2017 26
April 2018 54
April 2019 60
April 2020 41
August 2015 28
August 2016 97
August 2017 80
August 2018 52
August 2019 51
December 2015 287
December 2016 119
December 2017 124
December 2018 40
December 2019 84
February 2015 5
February 2016 347
February 2017 70
February 2018 77
February 2019 84
February 2020 31
January 2015 41
January 2016 57
January 2017 125
January 2018 76
January 2019 87
January 2020 46
July 2015 25
July 2016 85
July 2017 83
July 2018 64
July 2019 36
July 2020 1
June 2015 40
June 2016 140
June 2017 80
June 2018 56
June 2019 62
March 2015 55
March 2016 177
March 2017 30
March 2018 54
March 2019 75
March 2020 25
May 2015 13
May 2016 132
May 2017 37
May 2018 64
May 2019 22
May 2020 37
November 2015 90
November 2016 91
November 2017 133
November 2018 65
November 2019 78
October 2015 189
October 2016 152
October 2017 114
October 2018 68
October 2019 55
September 2015 45
September 2016 35
September 2017 111
September 2018 64
September 2019 61
Reported Date Region Region of Origin Number Dead Minimum Estimated Number of Missing
2019 North Africa Horn of Africa 4
2018 North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 5
2016 North Africa Unknown 226
2015 North Africa Horn of Africa 517
2017 North Africa Unknown 670
2020 North Africa Horn of Africa (P) 4
2019 North Africa Mixed 1 22
2018 North Africa Horn of Africa (P) 291
2016 North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 52 151
2014 North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 13 33
2020 North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 53 67
2019 North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa (P) 320
2017 North Africa Horn of Africa (P) 123
2015 North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 49 54
2017 North Africa Mixed 7
2020 North Africa North Africa (P) 1
2019 North Africa Unknown 181 41
2018 North Africa Mixed 23
2016 North Africa North Africa 22
2014 North Africa Unknown 5 29
2017 North Africa Horn of Africa 151
2020 North Africa Unknown 5 14
2019 North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 31 1
2018 North Africa North Africa 15 22
2015 North Africa North Africa 21
2017 North Africa North Africa 20
2020 North Africa South Asia 30
2019 North Africa Horn of Africa (P) 86
2018 North Africa Unknown 365
2016 North Africa Horn of Africa 1054
2015 North Africa Unknown 174 8
2017 North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 42
2019 North Africa North Africa (P) 7
2019 North Africa North Africa 46 42
2018 North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 8 5
2015 North Africa Middle East 2
2014 North Africa Horn of Africa 10 0
2020 North Africa Mixed 3 4

Top causes of migrant deaths recorded in 2018

North Africa

Sickness and lack of access to medicines
Deaths: 41
Incidents: 27
Harsh weather/lack of adequate shelter
Deaths: 37
Incidents: 23
Starvation
Deaths: 36
Incidents: 22
Shot
Deaths: 30
Incidents: 1
Dehydration
Deaths: 15
Incidents: 4
Reported Date Reliability Number Dead Minimum Estimated Number of Missing
2014 Verified 23 33
2014 Partially verified 5 29
2015 Verified 33
2015 Partially verified 730 62
2016 Partially verified 1354 151
2017 Verified 141
2017 Partially verified 872
2018 Verified 52
2018 Partially verified 655 27
2019 Verified 63 24
2019 Partially verified 613 82
2020 Verified 46 50
2020 Partially verified 50 35

Regions in focus

Publications

 

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Missing Migrants Project by International Organization for Migration (IOM) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. This means that Missing Migrants Project data and website content is free to share and adapt, as long as the appropriate attribution is given.

 

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IOM's Missing Migrants Project is made possible by funding by UK Aid from the Government of the United Kingdom and the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs; however, the views expressed do not necessarily reflect the official policies or positions of the Governments of the United Kingdom or Switzerland.